Emeralds are a bold green variety of beryl which are mostly mined in Africa, South America, and Central Asia. Beryl is a type of gemstone naturally comprised of beryllium aluminium cyclosilicate, other well-known beryl gemstone varieties include aquamarine and morganite.
Emerald, the green variety of Beryl, is so rich and evergreen that they are often associated with lush landscapes and forests. Its deep green hue combined with its durability and rarity, mean it is one of the most famous and valuable gemstones on the market today. The deeper the green of emerald, the higher its value. Rich green emeralds are the most desired by consumers. Generally, the paler an emerald the lesser its value, however, very pale emeralds are often renamed to ‘green beryl’.
Emerald is the birthstone for May, it is also the gem of the twentieth and thirty-fifth wedding anniversaries.
Bold green emeralds can often be found with ‘birthmarks’ which are inclusions in the gemstone. However, most of these inclusions or birthmarks are expected on the rich green emeralds and therefore do not decrease its value unlike inclusions in other gemstones. Emeralds are found at 7.5-8 on the Mohs scale of hardness. Emeralds with inclusions are often more brittle and therefore more prone to breakage than other gemstones with 7.5-8 rating.